Science describes the current transition in how research is undertaken, how the outputs are stored and disseminated, how researchers collaborate, how success is measured and how researchers
are rewarded for Open approaches. Open Science has the potential to transform the research landscape and it is crucial for all the stakeholders (researchers, librarians, policy makers, etc.)
to understand and to be part of the new scientific scenario.
The aim of the Focus on Open Science Workshops
Started in 2015, we aim through these workshops to address the challenges posed by Open Science, using the 8
pillars of Open Scienceidentified by the
European Commission and addressed by the Open Science Policy Platform in its general integrated recommendations (See OSPP-REC).
The mission statement for the workshops is: "Promote the concept of, values and best practices in the Open Science to European communities, with particular reference to libraries."
Why are these Workshops important?
We believe that such Workshops offer a practitioner experience, grounded in the principles of Open Science, and opportunities for networking at the local level. The Workshop format offers
both on-the-spot interactions and follow-up opportunities.
We are driven by our Steering Committee that will help us select the annual topics, the invited speakers and advise on best practices for delivering successful events. The members of our
Steering Committee are here.
Open Science by Design in
The Madrid workshop will put in correlation 3 of the
8 challenges of EU Open Science: New indicators and reward system – FAIR Data – and Citizen Science. We will analyse and discuss these important topics with the aim of getting PCIs (Practical
Commitments for Implementations) of Open Science, particularly for Universities and Research Performing Organisations. The workshop will include the participation of Early Career
How are the Universities going to implement new
career assessment methods for Open Science? What are the needed infrastructures and skills for FAIR data? How are we going to include citizens in the scientific landscape for public
engagement? Are the data produced by citizen science FAIR? How are going to be rewarded FAIR data practices?
The language of the Workshop will be English.
We look forward to seeing you in July, in what promise to be a stimulating event!
Dr Ayris is Pro-Vice-Provost (UCL Library Services). He joined UCL in
Dr Ayris was the President of LIBER (Association of European Research
Libraries) 2010-14. He is Co-Chair of the LERU (League of European Research Universities) INFO Community. He chairs the OAI Organizing Committee for the Cern-Unige Workshops on Innovations in
Scholarly Communication. He is also Chair of JISC Collections’ Content Strategy Group. On 1 August 2013, Dr Ayris became Chief Executive of UCL Press. He is a member of the Provost and
President’s Senior Management Team in UCL.
He has a Ph.D. in Ecclesiastical History and publishes on English
Reformation Studies. In 2019, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.
Leading the change to Open Science in European
This paper will take the LERU Roadmap for Open Science as a blueprint for
introducing Open Science principles and practices into universities. UCL (University College London) is in the top 10 of global research-led universities. It is also the third oldest university in
England. Using UCL as a case study, this paper will look at
the 8 pillars of Open Science, as defined by the European Commission, and examine progress in introducing Open Science principles and practice at a university level. The paper will identify the benefits and challenges of the
approach, and highlight what remains to be done.
Barend Mons is a global expert on FAIR principles and he led the 5 day
long early meeting in January 2014 (Leiden) where the
principles were first defined. Originally a molecular biologist with 15 years of basic research experience on malaria parasites and vaccines, he refocused in 2000 on semantic technologies and later on Open Science. He has thus been in this field from the very beginning and
started various early movements for open science ‘avant la
lettre’ (a.o. Wiki professional, Concept Web Alliance). Mons published over 100 peer reviewed articles and more recently a handbook named: Data Stewardship for Open Science. He was the senior author on the now widely cited FAIR principles paper in Nature’s
Scientific Data in 2016.
In 2015, Barend was appointed Chair of the High Level Expert Group
(HLEG) for the European Open
Science Cloud, and the group published its report, which marked a
critical step towards realising the
aspiration of the EOSC. After leaving the HLEG he continued to be
active towards the practical realisation of
the EOSC, defined in the report as the Internet of FAIR data and
services. Three countries (The Netherlands,
Germany and France) took the early initiative to create a Global, Open
approach to the implementation of
FAIR principles in practice, called GO FAIR, with the aim to kick-start the developments
towards EOSC in a
global, open science and innovation context. Mons was appointed
director for the Dutch International Support
and Coordination Office of the infinitive with sister offices in
Germany and France.
He is also the elected president of CODATA, the standing committee on research data related issues of the International Science Council. Barend is a member of the Netherlands Academy of Technology and Innovation(ACTI). He is also the
European representative in the Board on research Data and Information (BRDI) of the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine in the USA.
The Internet for Social
We are in a transition phase of science, where machines (mainly computers) have become our
major research assistants. Humans and computers increasingly work
together as ‘social machines’ to makes
sense of complex natural phenomena. However, computers need a very
different input as compared to
people and the way we adapt the communication and reuse of our research
results is adopting to this new
situation only at glacial speed. Still, the 15 FAIR Principles,
published in 2016, dealing with machine
actionable data and services, have found unusually rapid uptake among a
broad spectrum of stakeholders,
from research scientists who create and reuse data, to publishers who
distribute data, to science funders
who track impact of data. Barend will describe the FAIR Principles and
show examples of how they have
been implemented. He will also present a set of core FAIR Metrics that
can help gauge the level of FAIRness
of any digital resource. Of particular interest is how additional FAIR
Metrics can (and should) be defined to
address community-specific data structures and analytic requirements.
This discussion, and these examples
will be presented in the context of the International GO FAIR
Initiative. GO FAIR is a voluntary community of
stakeholders devoted to implementation solutions of an emerging
Internet of FAIR Data and Services.
Prof. Muki Haklay, University College London
Muki Haklay is a Professor of
Geographic Information Science at University College London (UCL). He is the founder and Co-director of the UCL Extreme Citizen Science group. He is recognised as an international expert in
participatory mapping and science, usability and Human-Computer Interaction aspects of geospatial technologies, and public access to environmental information. He is also co-founder and director
of the social enterprise ‘Mapping for Change’, which provides services in participatory mapping and citizen science. Prof Haklay has been combining the fields of Computer Science and
Geography throughout his studies, culminating with a PhD in Geography (2002, UCL) which focused on Public Access to Environmental Information. In 2001 he joined UCL as a lecturer and promoted to
a professor in 2011. He is currently the co-Vice Chair of the European Citizen Science Association, and have been an inaugural board member of the US Citizen Science Association. He recently
completed coordinating the H2020 project “Doing It Together Science” (DITOs) which engaged over 500,000 members of the public and policy makers in citizen science, and currently running an ERC
Advanced Grant “Extreme Citizen Science: Analysis and Visualisation”.
Citizen Science in Open Science context:
measuring and understanding impacts of deeper public participation in science
Within the emerging European agenda for open science, deeper public
engagement with science, through citizen science, is now part and parcel of Horizon Europe. Yet, there are many issues that need to be understood – the uneven landscape of citizen science across
the European Research Area, scientific disciplines, and institutions; the balancing of multiple goals that citizen science projects enact between raising awareness to scientific issues to
producing data and analysis that can lead to top discoveries; measuring and assessing the outcomes and outputs of projects; and consideration about the data, analysis, and outputs. The talk will
provide a short introduction to citizen science and modes of engagement in it, introduce the “Doing It Together Science” (DITOs) escalator model; and review some of the emerging policy responses
to citizen science across the world.
Rebecca Lawrence is Managing Director of F1000, providers of a series
of tools and services to support the research community in writing, publishing, discovering and evaluating new scientific findings. She was responsible for the launch of the novel open science
publishing platform F1000Research. She has subsequently led the initiative behind the recent launches of Wellcome Open Research, Gates Open Research, and many other funder- and institution-based
publishing platforms that aim to start a new trajectory in the way scientific findings and data are communicated and ultimately research and researchers are evaluated.
She is a member of the European Commission’s Open Science Policy
Platform, chairing their work on next-generation indicators and their integrated advice: OSPP-REC, and is a member of the US National Academies (NASEM) Committee on Advanced and Automated
Workflows. She has been a co-Chair of a number working groups focussing on data and peer review, for organisations including the Research Data Alliance (RDA) and ORCID. She is also an Advisory
Board member for DORA (the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment) and for the data policy and standards initiative, FAIRsharing. She has worked in STM publishing for almost 20 years
for several publishers including Elsevier where she built and ran the Drug Discovery Group. She originally trained and qualified as a pharmacist, and holds a PhD in Cardiovascular
Shifting the research assessment system to enable
the adoption of open knowledge practices
While there is much focus in Europe and indeed globally to encourage
the adoption of open science and open knowledge practices by the research community, there are several factors that make it hard for researchers and the broader community to truly embrace such a
change. Chief amongst these are the way that researchers are incentivized and rewarded, and the indicators used to support decisions on career progression, and research and institutional
funding. Following the Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science in 2016, the European Commission set up the Open Science Policy Platform, a cross-stakeholder group from across Europe, to work
together to drive coordinated action to create a step-change in all the main areas of open science. Rebecca will describe some of work of this group, and other related initiatives
around Europe, with a particular focus on efforts to address the until now intractable challenge of implementing frameworks and alternative approaches to research assessment that incentivize open
knowledge practices across the research ecosystem.
Daniel Hook, Digital
Daniel Hook is CEO of Digital Science. He has been involved in research
management and software development for more than a decade, as Director
Metrics at Digital Science, Founder and CEO of Symplectic and COO of
Figshare. Daniel is a
mathematical physicist specialising in quantum theory and holds
visiting positions at Imperial
College London and Washington University, St Louis and is a Fellow of
the Institute of Physics.
The Open Access movement maintains its momentum via a continuous set of
initiatives, from different geographies and actors in the sector. We look at the effects of Open Access on different countries and assess how far we have come in the last few years.
Ghislain Onestas, Ex Libris
Ghislain Onestas works with Ex Libris’ team of Solution Experts
advising customers on aspects of Ex Libris solutions and how they can be used to solve problems of librarianship around the areas of teaching, learning and research. As a subject matter expert,
Ghislain works closely with customers to define their issues and identify the optimal resolution to them. Prior to joining Ex Libris, Ghislain worked for Clarivate Analytics as Customer Education
Putting the library at the heart of research
Many in the academia recognize the need for a better, more integrated
approach for managing research assets throughout the research cycle – a systematic data management approach that will eliminate duplication of effort, reduce the burden on individual stakeholders
and – above all – would support the institutional goal of increasing the impact of research output.
Academic libraries are increasing their involvement in supporting
research output and improving research data management, and in many institutions are already bringing coherence to the way that these are managed. In this session, we will discuss the potential
role that libraries can play in driving this transition, by leveraging their expertise in data curation, resource management, and content dissemination, and the infrastructure needed for
supporting these processes. We will aim to inspire a conversation around the need for a new, comprehensive approach to research data services. The session will also look at a possible solution
via a new library–led initiative being launched (Ex Libris Esploro) that brings together a number of universities and Ex Libris in order to develop a new approach to increase visibility, impact
and compliance of research outputs and data while serving the multiple stakeholders.